Types of inspections

Scheduled and unscheduled inspections

A baseline inspection schedule defines the minimum level of inspections to evaluate licence holder performance. Inspections are scheduled well in advance based on risk and follow a standard inspection process.

Additional inspections beyond the baseline (augmented inspections) may be conducted. These inspections are likely to occur in response to specific circumstances such as an incident, accident or non-compliance.

In rare instances, it may be necessary to conduct an unannounced inspection. These inspections are in response to a specific situation or event. ARPANSA will notify the licence holder of the inspection before entry.


ARPANSA has introduced an alternative means for holders of low risk sources to demonstrate effective control via a desk top review known as an e-Inspection. Licence holders are asked to provide evidence of effective control in the form of documentation and photographs. This inspection method is especially useful for sources located in remote areas or overseas e.g. an X-ray baggage scanner located at an overseas embassy.

Site visits

Good regulation involves frequent and clear communication. Inspectors frequently visit sites to ensure they are up-to-date on current processes and to discuss changes and developments. These site visits supplement the inspection program but are not inspections. The presence of an inspector on-site should not be unusual or cause concern. The increased use of site visits reduces the need for unannounced inspections.