Types of inspections

Scheduled, reactive and unannounced inspections

ARPANSA maintains an inspection schedule for facilities and sources to evaluate performance. Inspections are scheduled well in advance based on risk and follow a standard inspection process

Additional reactive inspections may be conducted in response to specific circumstances such as an incident, accident or non-compliance. The timing of such inspections will be agreed with the licence holder. 

In rare instances, it may be necessary to conduct an unannounced inspection. These inspections are in response to a specific situation or event and ARPANSA will notify the licence holder prior to entry.


ARPANSA has an alternative means for holders of low-risk sources to demonstrate effective control via a desk top review known as an e-Inspection. Licence holders are asked to provide evidence of effective control in the form of documentation and photographs. This inspection method is especially useful for sources located in remote areas or overseas such as an X-ray baggage scanner in an overseas embassy.

Site visits

Good regulation involves frequent and clear communication. Inspectors frequently visit sites to ensure they are up-to-date on current processes and to discuss changes and developments. These site visits supplement the inspection program but are not regarded as inspections. The presence of an inspector on-site should not be unusual or cause concern. The increased use of site visits reduces the need for reactive or unannounced inspections.