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Codes and standards applicable to prescribed radiation facilities and prescribed legacy sites

If you require free access to these standards, please contact ARPANSA on infoatarpansa.gov.au.

NOTE 1: The codes and standards in the table below apply as indicated and are additional to the codes that appear in section 59 of the Regulations, namely:

NOTE 2: In addition to the codes and standards, ARPANSA considers international best practice during licensing decisions. This includes international standards and guidance that may apply to ionising radiation sources and nuclear security.

NOTE 3: re instrument calibration requirements in AS/NZS 2243.4

Although the standard requires annual calibration of radiation monitoring instruments, if an instrument is used solely to detect the presence or absence of radioactive contamination, and from which no quantitative information (such as air concentration or surface contamination) is derived, then the frequency of calibration may be extended to a maximum of five years.

Prescribed radiation facility (Section 13 and 51 of the Regulations)

New code

Previous item number

Description

Code and/or standard

PRF-1 1, 2

Particle accelerator with a beam energy greater than 1 MeV, or can produce neutrons

(a) Linacs used for scientific, research & radiographic purposes:

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Health Physics Society (HPS) Installations using non-medical x-ray and sealed gamma-ray sources, energies up to 10 MeV ANSI/HPS N43.3-2008
Note: This is an American publication; the dose limits and references therein do not apply in Australia

(b) Cyclotrons producing medical isotopes

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

(c) Other particle accelerator capable of producing neutrons

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

PRF-2 3

Irradiator containing more than 1015 Bq of a controlled material

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Health Series 24: Code of practice for the design and safe operation of non-medical irradiation facilities (1988)

PRF-3 4, 5, 6

Irradiator containing more than 1013 and either: 
(a) not including shielding as an integral part of its construction; or 
(b) including as an integral part of its construction shielding that does not prevent a person from being exposed to the source or does not shield a source during the operation of the irradiator 

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Health Series 24: Code of practice for the design and safe operation of non-medical irradiation facilities (1988)

PRF-4 7

A facility (other than a nuclear installation) used for the production, processing, use, storage, management or disposal of:

(a) unsealed sources for which the result of the activity value division steps is greater than 106; or
(b) sealed sources for which the result of the activity value division steps is greater than 109.

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Prescribed legacy sites (sections 14 and 51 of the Regulations)
PLS-1 1

Possess or control a prescribed legacy site

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Note: the following international best practice guidance should also be considered:

IAEA Specific Safety Guide SSG 31: Monitoring and Surveillance of Radioactive Waste Disposal Facilities (2014)

IAEA General Safety Guide GSG-1: Classification of radioactive waste (2009)

PLS-2 2

Remediate a prescribed legacy site​​​​​​

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Note: the following international best practice guidance should also be considered:

IAEA Safety Guide WS-G-3.1: Remediation Process for Areas Affected by Past Activities and Accidents (2007)

IAEA General Safety Guide GSG-1: Classification of radioactive waste (2009)

PLS-3 3

Abandon a prescribed legacy site

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Note: the following international best practice guidance should also be considered

IAEA Safety Guide WS-G-5.1 Release of sites from regulatory control on termination of practices (2006)

IAEA General Safety Guide GSG-1: Classification of radioactive waste (2009)