Codes and standards applicable to sources

If you require free access to these standards, please contact ARPANSA on infoatarpansa.gov.au.

NOTE 1: The codes and standards in the table below apply as indicated and are additional to the codes that appear in section 59 of the Regulations, namely:

NOTE 2: In addition to the codes and standards, ARPANSA considers international best practice during licensing decisions. This includes international standards and guidance that may apply to ionising radiation sources and non-ionising radiation sources.

NOTE 3: re instrument calibration requirements in AS/NZS AS2243.4

Although the standard requires annual calibration of radiation monitoring instruments, if an instrument is used solely to detect the presence or absence of radioactive contamination, and from which no quantitative information (such as air concentration or surface contamination) is derived, then the frequency of calibration may be extended to a maximum of five years.

Group 1
New Code   Previous item number

Description

Code and/or standard

G1-1 1

Sealed source for calibration purposes of activity of 40 MBq or less

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

G1-2 2

Sealed source in a fully enclosed analytical device

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

G1-3 3

Sealed source with activity of 400 MBq or less in a fixed gauge

Radiation Protection Series 13: Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Safe Use of Fixed Radiation Gauges (2007)

G1-4 4

Sealed source in a blood irradiator

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

G1-5 5

Sealed source in a bone densitometer

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

G1-6 6

Sealed source that:
(a) is in storage and awaiting disposal; and
(b) has a nuclide with a maximum activity of not more than 109 times the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 of the Regulations.

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

G1-7 7

Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or particular premises, having nuclides of one kind only with a maximum activity not more than 102 times the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 (of the Regulations)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018) 

G1-8 8

Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or particular premises, having nuclides such that when the maximum activity of each nuclide in the source, or sources, is divided by the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 (of the Regulations), the total of the results for all nuclides in the source, or sources, is not more than 102.

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018) 

G1-9 9

Mammographic X-ray unit

Radiation Protection Series 14: Code of Practice for Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation (2008)

G1-10

10

Conventional dental X-ray unit

Radiation Protection Series 10: Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Radiation Protection in Dentistry (2005)

G1-11 11

X-ray unit used for bone densitometry

Radiation Protection Series 14: Code of Practice for Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation (2008)

G1-12 12

X-ray unit used for veterinary radiography

Radiation Protection Series 17: Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Radiation Protection in Veterinary Medicine (2009)

G1-13

13

Fully enclosed X-ray analysis unit

Radiation Health Series 9: Code of practice for protection against ionizing radiation emitted from X-ray Analysis Equipment (1984)

G1-14 14

Baggage inspection X-ray unit

Radiation Health Series 21: Statement on cabinet X-ray equipment for examination of letters, packages, baggage, freight and other articles for security, quality control and other purposes (1987)

*  NOTE: Section 5.2 (b) does not apply to scanners to which there is no public access, or where sufficient controls are in place so that insertion of any part of the human body into the primary beam is not possible.

G1-15 15

Mobile or portable medical X-ray unit

Radiation Protection Series 14: Code of Practice for Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation (2008)

G1-16 16

Magnetic field non-destructive testing device

Radiation Protection Series 3: Radiation Protection Standards for Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields - 3 kHz to 300 GHz (2002)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations -Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)

G1-17 17

Induction heater or induction furnace

Radiation Protection Series 3: Radiation Protection Standards for Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields - 3 kHz to 300 GHz (2002)

ICNIRP Guidelines for Limiting Exposure to Time-Varying Electric and Magnetic Fields 1 Hz - 100 kHz (2010)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations -Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)

 

G1-18 18

Industrial radiofrequency heater or welder

Radiation Protection Series 3: Radiation Protection Standards for Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields - 3 kHz to 300 GHz (2002)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations -Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)

G1-19 19

Radiofrequency plasma tube

Radiation Protection Series 3: Radiation Protection Standards for Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields - 3 kHz to 300 GHz (2002)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations -Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)

G1-20 20

Microwave or radiofrequency diathermy equipment

Radiation Protection Series 3: Radiation Protection Standards for Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields - 3 kHz to 300 GHz (2002)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations -Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)

G1-21 21

Industrial microwave or radiofrequency processing system

Radiation Protection Series 3: Radiation Protection Standards for Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields - 3 kHz to 300 GHz (2002)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations -Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)

G1-22 22

Optical source, other than a laser product, emitting ultraviolet radiation, infra-red or visible light

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations -Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Photobiological safety of lamps and lamp systems (AS/NZS IEC 62471:2011)

Radiation Protection Series 12: Radiation Protection Standard for Occupational Exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation (2006) 

G1-23 23

Laser product with an accessible emission that exceeds the accessible emission limits of a Class 3R laser product, as set out in AS/NZS IEC 60825.1:201

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety of laser products Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements (AS/NZS IEC 60825-1:2014)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety of laser products Part 14: A user’s guide (AS/NZS IEC 60825-14:2011)

G1-24 24

Optical fibre communication system exceeding Hazard Level 3R, as defined by AS/NZS IEC 60825.2:2011​​​​​​

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety of laser products Part 2: Safety of optical fibre communications systems (OFCS) (AS/NZS IEC 60825.2:2011)

G1-25 24A Sealed source not mentioned in another item in this (Group 1) table or in the definition of Group 2 or Group 3 (in section 4 of the Regulations), dealings with which do not have the potential for accidental exposure likely to exceed the dose limits mentioned in sections 77 and 79 (of the Regulations)

(a) Sealed source for training and education purposes of activity 40 MBq or less

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

(b) Manufactured item or component containing thorium

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018) 

(c) Clock, watch, heritage object, luminous dial or indicator with paint containing radium 226 of activity of 1 MBq or less and no other controlled material

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018) 

(d) Clock, watch, heritage object, luminous dial or indicator with paint containing promethium 147 of activity of 1 GBq or less and no other controlled material

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018) 

(e) Clock, watch, heritage object, military device or electronic component containing tritium of activity of 100 GBq or less and no other controlled material

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018) 

(f) Tritium as an ionisation source

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018) 

(g) Sealed source in a static eliminator or aerosol neutraliser

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

G1-26 24B Controlled apparatus that produces ionising radiation not mentioned in another item of this (Group 1) table or in the definition of Group 2 or Group 3 (in section 4 of the Regulations), dealings with which do not have the potential for accidental exposure likely to exceed the dose limits mentioned in sections 77 and 79 (of the Regulations)

(a) Fully enclosed X-ray unit (radiography for special purposes)

Radiation Health Series 22: Statement on enclosed X-ray equipment for special applications (1987)

(b) Portable handheld dental X-ray apparatus

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018

Radiation Protection Series 10: Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Radiation Protection in Dentistry (2005)

(c) Optical source, other than a laser product, emitting ultraviolet radiation, infrared or visible light - solar tower array

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations -Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Photobiological safety of lamps and lamp systems (AS/NZS IEC 62471:2011)

Note: the following international best practice guidance should also be considered:

ICNIRP Guidelines On Limits of Exposure to Incoherent Visible and Infrared Radiation (2013)

(d) Ion beam etching unit

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations -Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)

(e) CT scanner (for inspection of baggage/freight etc.)

Radiation Health Series 21: Statement on cabinet X-ray equipment for examination of letters, packages, baggage, freight and other articles for security, quality control and other purposes (1987)*

*  NOTE: Section 5.2 (b) does not apply to scanners to which members of the public do not have access

(f) Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) unit for veterinary studies

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series 17: Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Radiation Protection in Veterinary Medicine (2009)

(g) Fully enclosed X-ray biological irradiator (low power)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

(h) CT, SPECT/CT or PET/CT scanner for imaging of small animals

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series 17: Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Radiation Protection in Veterinary Medicine (2009)

(i) Klystron amplifier for radio communication or radar

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

(j) Laser used on animals

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety of laser products Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements (AS/NZS IEC 60825-1:2014)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety of laser products Part 14: A user’s guide (AS/NZS IEC 60825-14:2011)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations -Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)

Radiation Protection Series 17: Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Radiation Protection in Veterinary Medicine (2009)

(k) Handheld backscatter X-ray security inspection system
Group 2
G2-1 25

Sealed source for calibration purposes of activity of more than 40 MBq

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

G2-2 26

Sealed source in a partially enclosed analytical device

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

G2-3 27

Sealed source of activity of more than 400 MBq in a fixed gauge

Radiation Protection Series 13: Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Safe Use of Fixed Radiation Gauges (2007)

G2-4 28

Sealed source in a mobile gauge

Radiation Protection Series 5: Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Portable Density/Moisture Gauges Containing Radioactive Sources (2004)

G2-5 29

Sealed source for medical or veterinary diagnostic nuclear medicine use

Radiation Protection Series 14: Code of Practice for Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation (2008)

Radiation Protection Series 17: Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Radiation Protection in Veterinary Medicine (2009)

G2-6 30

Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or particular premises, having nuclides of one kind only with a maximum activity of more than 102, but not more than 104, times the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 (of the Regulations)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018)

G2-7 31

Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or particular premises, having nuclides such that when the maximum activity of each nuclide in the source, or sources, is divided by the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 (of the Regulations), the total of the results for all nuclides in the source, or sources, is more than 102 but not more than 104​​​​

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018)

G2-8 32

Unsealed sources used for tracer studies

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018)

G2-9 33

Industrial radiography X-ray unit

Radiation Protection Series C-4: Code of Radiation Protection Requirements for Industrial Radiography (2018)

G2-10 34

Fixed medical X-ray unit, including a unit used for fluoroscopy, tomography and chiropractic radiography

Radiation Protection Series 14: Code of Practice for Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation (2008)

G2-11 35

Partially enclosed X-ray analysis unit

Radiation Health Series 9: Code of practice for protection against ionizing radiation emitted from X-ray Analysis Equipment (1984)

G2-12 36

Medical therapy simulator

Radiation Protection Series 14: Code of Practice for Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation (2008)

G2-13 37

CT scanner

Radiation Protection Series 14: Code of Practice for Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation (2008)

G2-14 37A Sealed source of controlled material not mentioned in another item of this (Group 2) table or in the definition of Group 1 or Group 3 (in section 4 of the Regulations), dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure likely to exceed a dose limit mentioned in sections 77 and 79 (of the Regulations) but unlikely to result in acute effects

(a) Sealed source for training and education purposes of activity more than 40 MBq

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

(b) Clock, watch, heritage object, luminous dial or indicator with paint containing radium 226 of activity of more than 1 MBq and no other controlled material

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018)

(c) Clock, watch, heritage object, luminous dial or indicator with paint containing promethium 147 of activity of more than 1 GBq and no other controlled material

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018)

(d) Clock, watch, heritage object, military device or electronic component containing tritium of activity of more than 100 GBq and no other controlled material

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018)

G2-15 37B Controlled apparatus that produces ionizing radiation not mentioned in another item of this (Group 2) table or in the definition of Group 1 or Group 3 (in section 4 of the Regulations), dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure likely to exceed a dose limit mentioned in sections 77 and 79 (of the Regulations) but unlikely to result in acute effects
(a) Mobile backscatter X-ray security inspection system

(b) Mobile fluoroscopic X-ray apparatus

Radiation Protection Series 14: Code of Practice for Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation (2008)

(c) CT scanner for imaging of non-human objects

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Health Series 22: Statement on enclosed X-ray equipment for special applications (1987)

(d) Fixed medical X-ray unit used for research purposes (other than medical trials), including a unit designed for fluoroscopy, tomography, mammography and chiropractic radiography 

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

(e) Personnel security screening system using backscatter X-rays

American National Standard: Radiation Safety For Personnel Security Screening Systems Using X-rays or Gamma Radiation (ANSI/HPS N43.17-2009)

(f) Orthopantomogram (OPG) (dental panoramic X-ray unit)

Radiation Protection Series 10: Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Radiation Protection in Dentistry (2005)

(g) Fully enclosed X-ray biological irradiator

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

(h) Personnel anti-smuggling screening system using transmission X-rays

American National Standard: Radiation Safety For Personnel Security Screening Systems Using X-rays or Gamma Radiation (ANSI/HPS N43.17-2009)

(i) Handheld X-ray Fluorescence Analyser
Group 3
G3-1 38

Sealed source for industrial radiography

Radiation Protection Series C-4: Code of Radiation Protection Requirements for Industrial Radiography (2018)

G3-2 39

Sealed source for medical and veterinary radiotherapy

Radiation Protection Series 14: Code of Practice for Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation (2008)

Radiation Protection Series 17: Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Radiation Protection in Veterinary Medicine (2009)

G3-3 40

Sealed source in a bore hole logger

Radiation Health Series 28: Code of practice for the safe use of sealed radioactive sources in borehole logging (1989)

G3-4 41 Sealed source not mentioned in another item of this (Group 3) table or in the definition of Group 1 or Group 2 (in section 4 of the Regulations), dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure likely to exceed a dose limit mentioned in sections 77 and 79 (of the Regulations) and likely to result in acute effects

(a) Reactor start-up source

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

G3-5 42

Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or particular premises, having nuclides of one kind only with a maximum activity of more than 104, but not more than 106, times the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 (of the Regulations)

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018)

G3-6 43

Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or particular premises, having nuclides such that when the maximum activity of each nuclide in the source, or sources, is divided by the activity value for that nuclide set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1 (of the Regulations), the total of the results for all nuclides in the source, or sources, is more than 104 but not more than 10​​​​​​6

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018

Radiation Protection Series C-6: Code for Disposal of Radioactive Waste by the User (2018)

G3-7 44

Veterinary or medical radiotherapy unit

Radiation Protection Series 14: Code of Practice for Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation (2008)

Radiation Protection Series 17: Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Radiation Protection in Veterinary Medicine (2009)

G3-8 45 Controlled apparatus that produces ionizing radiation not mentioned in another item of this (Group 3) table and in the definition of Group 1 or Group 2 (in section 4 of the Regulations), dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure likely to exceed a dose limit mentioned in sections 77 and 79 (of the Regulations) and likely to result in acute effects

(a) Industrial irradiator containing less than 100 TBq of a controlled material

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Health Series 24: Code of practice for the design and safe operation of non-medical irradiation facilities (1988)

(b) Neutron Beam Instrument

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

(c) Low Energy Implanter

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

(d) Intentionally blank

(e) Industrial irradiator containing 100 TBq or more but less than 1 PBq of a controlled material and that is shielded and interlocked

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)

Radiation Health Series 24: Code of practice for the design and safe operation of non-medical irradiation facilities (1988)

(f) Sealed source in a fully enclosed and interlocked cabinet used for calibration purposes

Australian/New Zealand Standard: Safety in laboratories Part 4: Ionizing radiations (AS/NZS 2243.4:2018)