Codes and standards applicable to sources

NOTE 1: The codes and standards in the table below apply as indicated and are additional to the codes that appear in Regulation 48, namely:

NOTE 2: Australian Standard AS2243.4:1998

Although the standard requires annual calibration of radiation monitoring instruments, if an instrument is used solely to detect the presence or absence of radioactive contamination, and from which no quantitative information (such as air concentration or surface contamination) is derived, then the frequency of calibration may be extended to a maximum of five years.

Group 1
1 Sealed source for calibration purposes of activity of 40 MBq or less
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
2 Sealed source in a fully enclosed analytical device
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
3 Sealed source with activity of 400 MBq or less in a fixed gauge
4 Sealed source in a blood irradiator
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
5 Sealed source in a bone densitometer
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
6 Sealed source that:
(a) is in storage and awaiting disposal; and
(b) has a nuclide with a maximum activity of not more than 109 times the activity value for that nuclide set out in an item in the table in clause 2 of Schedule 2
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
7 Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or premises, having nuclides of 1 kind only with a maximum activity not more than 100 times the activity value for that nuclide set out in an item in the table in clause 2 of Schedule 2
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
8 Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or premises, having nuclides such that when the maximum activity of each nuclide in the source, or sources, is divided by the activity value for that nuclide set out in an item in the table in clause 2 of Schedule 2, the total of the results for all nuclides in the source, or sources, is not more than 100
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
9 Mammographic X-ray unit
  1. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 14 - Code of Practice - Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation
10 Conventional dental X-ray unit
  1. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 10 - Code of Practice and Safety Guide - Radiation Protection in Dentistry
11 X-ray unit used for bone densitometry
12 X-ray unit used for veterinary radiography
  1. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 17 - Code of practice and safety guide - Radiation protection in vetinary medicine
13 Fully enclosed X-ray analysis unit
  1. PDF iconRadiation Health Series 9 - Code of practice for protection against ionizing radiation emitted from X-ray Analysis Equipment (1984)
14 Baggage inspection X-ray unit
  1. PDF iconRadiation Health Series 21 - Statement on cabinet X-ray equipment for examination of letters, packages, baggage, frieght and other articles for security, quality control and other purposes (1987)

*  NOTE:  Section 5.2 (b) does not apply to cargo freight/pallet scanners to which members of the public do not have access.

15 Mobile or portable medical X-ray unit
  1. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 14 - Code of Practice - Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation
16 Magnetic field non-destructive testing device
  1. Radiation Protection Series 3 Radiation Protection Standards for Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields - 3 kHz to 300 GHz (2002)
  2. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations-Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (2004) (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)
17 Induction heater or induction furnace
  1. Radiation Protection Series 3 Radiation Protection Standards for Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields - 3 kHz to 300 GHz (2002)
  2. ICNIRP Guidelines For Limiting Exposure to Time-Varying Electric and Magnetic Fields 1 Hz - 100 kHz (2010)
  3. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations-Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (2004) (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)
18 Industrial radiofrequency heater or welder
  1. Radiation Protection Series 3 Radiation Protection Standards for Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields - 3 kHz to 300 GHz (2002)
  2. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations-Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (2004) (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)
19 Radiofrequency plasma tube
  1. Radiation Protection Series 3 Radiation Protection Standards for Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields - 3 kHz to 300 GHz (2002)
  2. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations-Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (2004) (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)
20 Microwave or radiofrequency diathermy equipment
  1. Radiation Protection Series 3 Radiation Protection Standards for Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields - 3 kHz to 300 GHz (2002)
  2. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations-Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (2004) (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)
21 Industrial microwave or radiofrequency processing system
  1. Radiation Protection Series 3 Radiation Protection Standards for Maximum Exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields - 3 kHz to 300 GHz (2002)
  2. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations-Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (2004) (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)
22 Optical source, other than a laser product, emitting ultraviolet radiation, infra-red or visible light
  1. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations-Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (2004) (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)
  2. Australian/New Zealand Standard Photobiological safety of lamps and lamp systems (AS/NZS IEC 62471:2011)
  3. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 12 - Radiation Protection Standard - Occupational Exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation
23 Laser product with an accessible emission level more than the accessible emission limit of a Class 3R laser product, as set out in Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS IEC 60825.1:2011 Safety of laser products, Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements
  1. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety of laser products Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements (AS/NZS IEC 60825-1:2014)
  2. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety of laser products Part 14: A user’s guide (AS/NZS IEC 60825-14:2011)
24 Optical fibre communication system exceeding Hazard Level 3R, as set out in Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS IEC 60825.2:2011 Safety of laser products, Part 2: Safety of optical fibre communication systems (OFCS)
  1. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety of laser products Part 2: Safety of optical fibre communications systems (OFCS) (AS/NZS IEC 60825.2:2011)
24A Sealed source of controlled material not mentioned in another item of this Schedule, dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure but the exposure would be unlikely to exceed the dose limits mentioned in regulations 59 and 62
(1) Sealed source for training and education purposes of activity 40 MBq or less
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
(2) Manufactured item or component containing thorium
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
(3) Clock, watch, heritage object, luminous dial or indicator with paint containing radium 226 of activity of 1 MBq or less and no other controlled material
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
(4) Clock, watch, heritage object, luminous dial or indicator with paint containing promethium 147 of activity of 1 GBq or less and no other controlled material
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
(5) Clock, watch, heritage object, military device or electronic component containing tritium of activity of 100 GBq or less and no other controlled material
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
(6) Tritium as an ionisation source
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
(7) Sealed source in a static eliminator or aerosol neutraliser
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
24B Controlled apparatus that produces ionising radiation not mentioned in another item of this Schedule, dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure but the exposure would be unlikely to exceed the dose limits mentioned in regulations 59 and 62
(1) Fully enclosed X-ray unit (radiography for special purposes)
  1. PDF iconRadiation Health Series 22 - Statement on enclosed X-ray equipment for special applications (1987)
(2) Portable handheld dental X-ray apparatus
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 10 - Code of Practice and Safety Guide - Radiation Protection in Dentistry
(3) Optical source, other than a laser product, emitting ultraviolet radiation, infrared or visible light - solar tower array
  1. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations-Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (2004) (AS/NZS 2243.5:2004)
  2. Australian/New Zealand Standard Photobiological safety of lamps and lamp systems (AS/NZS IEC 62471:2011)
  3. ICNIRP Guidelines On Limits of Exposure to Incoherent Visible and Infrared Radiation (2013)
(4) Ion beam etching unit
(5) CT scanner (for inspection of baggage/freight etc.)
  1. PDF iconRadiation Health Series 21 - Statement on cabinet X-ray equipment for examination of letters, packages, baggage, frieght and other articles for security, quality control and other purposes (1987) *

*  NOTE:  Section 5.2 (b) does not apply to scanners to which members of the public do not have access.

(6) Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) unit for veterinary studies
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
(7) Fully enclosed X-ray biological irradiator (low power)
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
(8) CT, SPECT/CT or PET/CT scanner for imaging of small animals
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
(9) Klystron amplifier for radio communication or radar
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
(10) Laser used on animals
  1. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety of laser products Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements (AS/NZS IEC 60825-1:2014)
  2. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety of laser products Part 14: A user’s guide (AS/NZS IEC 60825-14:2011)
  3. Australian/New Zealand Standard Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations-Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound (2004)
(11) Handheld backscatter X-ray security inspection system
Group 2
25 Sealed source for calibration purposes of activity of more than 40 MBq
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
26 Sealed source in a partially enclosed analytical device
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
27 Sealed source of activity of more than 400 MBq in a fixed gauge
  1. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
28 Sealed source in a mobile gauge
  1. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 5 - Code of Practice and Safety Guide for Portable Density/Moisture Gauges Containing Radioactive Sources
29 Sealed source for medical or veterinary diagnostic nuclear medicine use
  1. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 14 - Code of Practice - Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation
  2. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 17 - Code of practice and safety guide - Radiation protection in vetinary medicine
30 Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or premises, having nuclides of 1 kind only with a maximum activity of more than 100, but not more than 10 000, times the activity value for that nuclide set out in an item in the table in clause 2 of Schedule 2
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
31 Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or premises, having nuclides such that when the maximum activity of each nuclide in the source, or sources, is divided by the activity value for that nuclide set out in an item in the table in clause 2 of Schedule 2, the total of the results for all nuclides in the source, or sources, is more than 100 but not more than 10 000
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
32 Unsealed sources used for tracer studies
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
33 Industrial radiography X-ray unit
  1. PDF iconRadiation Health Series 31 - Code of practice for the safe use of industrial radiography equipment (1989)
34 Fixed medical X-ray unit, including a unit used for fluoroscopy, tomography and chiropractic radiography
  1. Radiation Protection Series 14 Code of Practice for Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation (2008)
35 Partially enclosed X-ray analysis unit
  1. PDF iconRadiation Health Series 9 - Code of practice for protection against ionizing radiation emitted from X-ray Analysis Equipment (1984)
36 Medical therapy simulator
  1. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 14 - Code of Practice - Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation
37 CT scanner
  1. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 14 - Code of Practice - Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation
37A Sealed source of controlled material not mentioned in another item of this Schedule, dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure that is likely to exceed a dose limit mentioned in regulations 59 and 62 but that is unlikely to result in acute effects
(1) Sealed source for training and education purposes of activity more than 40 MBq
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
(2) Clock, watch, heritage object, luminous dial or indicator with paint containing radium 226 of activity of more than 1 MBq and no other controlled material
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
(3) Clock, watch, heritage object, luminous dial or indicator with paint containing promethium 147 of activity of more than 1 GBq and no other controlled material
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
(4) Clock, watch, heritage object, military device or electronic component containing tritium of activity of more than 100 GBq and no other controlled material
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
37B Controlled apparatus that produces ionizing radiation not mentioned in another item of this Schedule, dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure that is likely to exceed a dose limit mentioned in regulations 59 and 62 but that is unlikely to result in acute effects
(1) Mobile backscatter X-ray security inspection system
(2) Mobile fluoroscopic X-ray apparatus
  1. Radiation Protection Series 14 - Code of Practice - Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation
(3) CT scanner for imaging of non-human objects
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
(4) Fixed medical X-ray unit used for research purposes, including a unit designed for fluoroscopy, tomography, mammography and chiropractic radiography
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
(5) Personnel security screening system using backscatter X-rays
  1. American National Standard Radiation Safety For Personnel Security Screening Systems Using X-rays or Gamma Radiation (ANSI/HPS N43.17-2009) 

(6) Orthopantomogram (OPG) (dental panoramic X-ray unit)

  1. Radiation Protection Series 10 - Code of Practice and Safety Guide - Radiation Protection in Dentistry
(7) Fully enclosed X-ray biological irradiator
(8) Personnel anti-smuggling screening system using transmission X-rays
  1. American National Standard Radiation Safety For Personnel Security Screening Systems Using X-rays or Gamma Radiation (ANSI/HPS N43.17-2009)
(9) Handheld X-ray Fluorescence Analyser
Group 3
38 Sealed source for industrial radiography
  1. PDF iconRadiation Health Series 31 - Code of practice for the safe use of industrial radiography equipment (1989)
39 Sealed source for medical and veterinary radiotherapy
  1. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 14 - Code of Practice - Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation
  2. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 17 - Code of practice and safety guide - Radiation protection in vetinary medicine
40 Sealed source in a bore hole logger
  1. PDF iconRadiation Health Series 28 - Code of practice for the safe use of sealed radioactive sources in borehole logging (1989)
41 Sealed source of controlled material not mentioned in another item of this Schedule, dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure that is likely to exceed a dose limit mentioned in regulations 59 and 62 and that is likely to result in acute effects
  1. Reactor start-up source
  2. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
42 Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or premises, having nuclides of 1 kind only with a maximum activity of more than 10 000, but not more than 1 000 000, times the activity value for that nuclide set out in an item in the table in clause 2 of Schedule 2
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
43 Unsealed source, or sources, in a laboratory or premises, having nuclides such that when the maximum activity of each nuclide in the source, or sources, is divided by the activity value for that nuclide set out in an item in the table in clause 2 of Schedule 2, the total of the results for all nuclides in the source, or sources, is more than 10 000 but not more than 1 000 000
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. Radiation Protection Series 6 National Directory for Radiation Protection (Schedule 14 - Requirements and limits for the disposal of radioactive waste by the user)
44 Veterinary or medical radiotherapy unit
  1. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 17 - Code of practice and safety guide - Radiation protection in vetinary medicine
  2. PDF iconRadiation Protection Series 14 - Code of Practice - Radiation Protection in the Medical Applications of Ionizing Radiation
45 Controlled apparatus that produces ionizing radiation not mentioned in another item of this Schedule, dealings with which have the potential for accidental exposure that is likely to exceed a dose limit mentioned in regulations 59 and 62 and that is likely to result in acute effects
(1) Industrial irradiator containing less than 100 TBq of a controlled material
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. PDF iconRadiation Health Series 24 - Code of practice for the design and safe operation of non-medical irradiation facilities (1988)
(2) Neutron Beam Instrument
(3) Low Energy Implanter
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
(4) Deuterium-tritium or deuterium-deuterium neutron generator
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
(5) Industrial irradiator containing 100 TBq or more but less than 1 PBq of a controlled material and that is shielded and interlocked
  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)
  2. PDF iconRadiation Health Series 24 - Code of practice for the design and safe operation of non-medical irradiation facilities (1988)

(6) Sealed source in a fully enclosed and interlocked cabinet used for calibration purposes 

  1. Australian Standard Safety in Laboratories - Ionizing Radiations (1998) (AS 2243.4-1998)